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The ionospheric Alfvén resonator (IAR) is an area of space that, due to sharp Alfvén speed gradients, has the ability to trap electromagnetic plasma wave energy, where it bounces in the Alfvén mode between near-Earth space and the lower ionosphere. Here we present research that, by comparing...
Lightning is widely acknowledged as a major cause of wildland fires in Canada. On average, 250,000 cloud-to-ground lightning strikes occur in Alberta every year. Lightning-caused wildland fires in remote areas have considerably larger suppression costs and a much greater chance of escaping...
Possible thunderstorm modifications caused by the Athabasca oil sands development and the Canadian ShieldDownload
Thunderstorms are common in boreal forest regions and can cause dangerous hazards such as lightning, forest fires, hail, wind, and flooding. Significant research has been conducted to help predict thunderstorms to mitigate or avoid the hazards and damage. The development of thunderstorms...