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- 1Fagan-Garcia, Katharine
- 1Griffiths, Cameron
- 1Hosseini, Seyedeh Nargess
- 1Jensen, Lionel D
- 1Magee, Wendy C
- 1Marcet, Candy
- 5Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology
- 1Department of Biochemistry
- 1Department of Cell Biology
- 1Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
- 1Department of Chemistry
- 1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
The mechanism of action of cidofovir and (S)-9-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonomethoxypropyl)adenine against viral polymerasesDownload
The nucleoside phosphonates cidofovir (CDV) and (S)-9-[3-hydroxy-(2-phosphonomethoxy)propyl]adenine [(S)-HPMPA] are analogs of dCMP and dAMP, respectively. Collectively these drugs are effective inhibitors of a wide range of DNA viruses, RNA viruses, and retroviruses. Because they are nucleotide...
Mast cells are immune cells important in innate immunity. Besides their role in asthma and allergies, mast cells are critical effector cells against various pathogens. Mast cells are established to be protective against bacterial infections, but little is known about their functions in viral...
A large deletion virus reveals the presence of previously uncharacterized vaccinia virus inhibitors of NF-kB signalingDownload
The classical Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway is an important regulator of inflammation and innate immune responses. Poxviruses, including vaccinia virus, encode multiple immune evasion proteins, including a growing number of NF-κB inhibitors. To determine if additional vaccinia...
This thesis examines the pathophysiology of asthma, attempts to determine the cellular mechanisms behind viral-induced immune memory mediated asthma exacerbations, and investigates urinary metabolomic biomarkers of asthma and neonatal hypoxia.
The introduction of WNV into North America in 1999 was followed by rapid spread throughout the continent. Today, WNV is an endemic pathogen in the west, with thousands of cases of severe infection reported annually. In addition to traditional vaccine research, there is an urgent need to...
The [1,2]-Stevens Rearrangement of Oxonium Ylides: Synthetic Applications and Mechanistic StudiesDownload
The Stevens [1,2]-rearrangement of onium ylides has been employed as a valuable synthetic method to construct new C-C bonds. Oxonium ylides are reactive intermediates that undergo facile Stevens rearrangement under mild conditions. In the last several decades, the Stevens rearrangement of oxonium...
Most antivirals target viral proteins and are specific for only one virus, or even one viral genotype. Whereas viral proteins are encoded in the plastic viral genome, virion lipids are not and their rearrangements during fusion of the virion envelope to cellular membranes are conserved among...
Inhibition and enhancement of Respiratory Syncytial Virus replication by nucleoside analogues and bis(indole) compoundsDownload
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an Orthopneumovirus that infects the epithelium of the airways. Severe RSV infection of the lower respiratory tract in infants is a leading cause of pediatric hospitalizations. RSV also causes substantial morbidity in immunocompromised and elderly populations....
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a ubiquitous respiratory pathogen that infects almost everyone by the age of two. In high-risk populations, such as infants and elderly individuals, RSV can infect the lower respiratory tract and cause severe symptoms, such as bronchiolitis or pneumonia. As a...
Infectious respiratory diseases, caused by viruses and bacteria that attack the respiratory system, constitute a serious threat in public health around the world. Pathogens can be transmitted in the air though large droplets or aerosols. As aerosols can linger in the environment for a prolonged...