Computational tools for soft sensing and state estimation

  • Author / Creator
    Balakrishnapillai Chitralekha, Saneej
  • The development of fast and efficient computer hardware technology has resulted in the rapid development of numerous computational software tools for making statistical inferences. The computational algorithms, which are the backbone of these tools, originate from distinct areas in science, mathematics and engineering. The main focus of this thesis is on computational tools which can be employed for estimating unmeasured variables in a process using all the available prior information. Specifically, this thesis demonstrates the application of a variety of tools for soft sensing of process variables and uncertain parameters of physiochemical process models, using routine data available from the process. The application examples presented in this thesis come from broad areas where process uncertainty is inherent and includes petrochemical processes, mechanical valve actuators, and upstream production processes in petroleum reservoirs. The mathematical models that are employed in different domains vary significantly in their structure and their level of complexity. In the petrochemical domain, the focus was on developing empirical soft sensors which are essentially nonparametric mathematical models identified using routine data from the process. The Support Vector Regression technique was applied for identifying such nonparametric empirical models. On the other hand, in all the other application examples in this thesis the physical parametric models of the process were utilized. The latter application examples, which cover a major portion of this thesis, demonstrate the application of modern state and parameter estimation algorithms which are firmly grounded on Bayesian theory and Monte Carlo techniques. Prior to the chapters on the application of state and parameter estimation techniques, a tutorial overview of the Monte Carlo simulation based state estimation algorithms is provided with an attempt to throw new light on these techniques. The tutorial is aimed at making these techniques simple to visualize and understand. The application case studies serve to illustrate the performance of the different algorithms. All case studies presented in this thesis are performed on processes that exhibit significant nonlinearity in terms of the relationship between the process input variables and output variables.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Shah, Sirish (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Huang, Biao (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Lynch, Alan (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
    • Trivedi, Japan (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Foss, Bjarne (Engineering Cybernetics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology)
    • Prasad, Vinay (Chemical and Materials Engineering)