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Kinome profiling of peripheral blood mononuclear cells collected prior to vaccination reveals biomarkers and potential mechanisms of vaccine unresponsiveness in pigs

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Inter-individual variance in host immune responses following vaccination can result in failure to develop protective immunity leaving individuals at risk for infection in addition to compromising herd immunity. While developing more efficacious vaccines is one strategy to mitigate this problem, predicting vaccine responsiveness prior to vaccination could inform which individuals require adjunct disease management strategies. To identify biomarkers of vaccine responsiveness, a cohort of pigs (n = 120) were vaccinated and pigs representing the high (n = 6; 90th percentile) and low (n = 6; 10th percentile) responders based on vaccine-specific antibody responses following vaccination were further analyzed. Kinase-mediated phosphorylation events within peripheral blood mononuclear cells collected prior to vaccination identified 53 differentially phosphorylated peptides when comparing low responders with high responders. Functional enrichment analysis revealed pro-inflammatory cytokine signaling pathways as dysregulated, and this was further substantiated by detection of higher (p < 0.01) concentrations of interferon-gamma in plasma of low responders compared to high responders prior to vaccination. In addition, low responder pigs with high plasma interferon-gamma showed lower (p < 0.01) birth weights than high responder pigs. These associations between vaccine responsiveness, cytokine signaling within peripheral immune cells, and body weight in pigs provide both evidence and insight into potential biomarkers for identifying low responders to vaccination.

  • Date created
    2020-12-01
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Published)
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/r3-80b1-km52
  • License
    Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
  • Language
  • Citation for previous publication
    • Lipsit, S. W. L., Scruten, E., Facciuolo, A., Denomy, C., Griebel, P. J., Napper, S., Wilkinson, J., Plastow, G., & Kusalik, A. (2020). Kinome profiling of peripheral blood mononuclear cells collected prior to vaccination reveals biomarkers and potential mechanisms of vaccine unresponsiveness in pigs. Scientific Reports, 10(1). https://doi-org.login.ezproxy.library.ualberta.ca/10.1038/s41598-020-68039-6