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Do Wearable Fitness Devices Correlate With Performance-Based Tests of Work-Related Functional Capacity

  • Author / Creator
    Karpman, Jesse
  • The purposes of this study were to: (1) Determine the magnitude and direction of correlation between participant performance on five exercises taken from a Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) and scores from Actigraph activity monitors; and (2) Compare the results of two different placements of Actigraph devices. We used a cross-sectional design and convenience sampling to collect data from 46 healthy participants. Each participant completed five exercises while equipped with two Actigraph devices, one worn on the dominant side waist and one on the non-dominant wrist. The exercises included were 5-repetition maximum lifting (floor-to-waist, overhead and front carry), a sustained overhead work endurance task, and the 6-minute walk test. Analysis included calculating Pearson regression coefficients between maximum exercise performance and Actigraph vector magnitudes along with Intraclass Correlation Coefficients to compare the two Actigraph placements. Forty (86.9%) participants had complete data and were included in analysis. Participants were predominantly young (x=23.73), male (54.30%). Findings indicate Actigraph vector magnitude data from the device worn on the waist correlated positively (r =0.39-0.64, p <0.001 to 0.08) with maximum lift performance and the 6-minute walk test distance (r =0.66, p <0.001). Actigraph data from wrist placement was not significantly correlated with FCE items except when comparing average vector magnitude data and waist to crown lift (r =0.44, p <0.001). There was no significant correlation in either Actigraph placement for vector magnitudes and overhead work time. Intraclass correlation coefficients between the two Actigraph placements ranged from poor to acceptable agreement (ICC =0.24-0.70, p < 0.001 to 0.19). We conclude that Actigraph device output correlated moderately with maximum performance on FCE lift and ambulation tests. Waist placement appears more suitable than wrist during performance-based tests. Actigraph devices may be useful during FCE evaluations and add another quantitative indicator of performance.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2017-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R34T6FF96
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine
  • Specialization
    • Rehabilitation Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Gross, Doug (Physical Therapy)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Manns, Patricia (Physical Therapy)
    • Tomkins-Lane, Christy (Health and Physical Education, Mount Royal)