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Assessment of soil capping for phosphogypsum stack reclamation at Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta

  • Author / Creator
    Jackson, Mallory E
  • Phosphogypsum (PG), an acidic byproduct of phosphoric acid production during phosphate fertilizer manufacturing, is commonly stacked on the facilities and capped with soil at decommissioning. The research evaluated soil capping depth (0, 8, 15, 30, 46, 91 cm) effects on response of five seeded grasses, water movement across the soil / PG interface, leaching, radon gas, gamma radiation and hydrogen fluoride emissions. Vegetation response was not affected by cap depth and plant rooting into PG had no detected adverse effects. Soil water fluctuated more at shallow (0, 8, 15) than thick (30, 46, 91) caps, and water quality on caps < 30 cm was not affected by cap depth. Increased cap depth was associated with decreased gamma radiation, while radon gas and hydrogen fluoride emissions had variable responses. Implementation of these findings into a reclamation program in Alberta will be useful for designing a suitable and cost effective cover system.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2009-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R31G68
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Renewable Resources
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Chanasyk, David S. (Renewable Resources)
    • Naeth, M. Anne (Renewable Resources)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Sego, David (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Nichol, Connie K. (Agrium)