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Archaeogeophysics and Statistical Analysis at the Buffalo Lake Metis Wintering Site (FdPe-1)

  • Author / Creator
    Coons, Aaron D
  • This thesis examines differences amongst cabin features at the Buffalo Lake Métis Wintering Site (FdPe-1), a late Fur Trade-era archaeological site located in central Alberta. I discuss Métis ethnogenesis as it relates to the roving groups of Plains Métis that occupied this site, as well as how it compares to the cultural practices of those groups of Métis located in eastern Canada or in permanent settlements such as Red River. Previous archaeological research regarding the Buffalo Lake site is summarized for each of the cabins excavated, as are the artifact assemblages. I perform Exploratory Data Analyses (EDA) on these assemblages to discover patterns within the data that might provide details about the activities occurring within the cabins, and use confirmatory statistics to test the significance and probability of these patterns. I also use archaeological geophysics techniques, specifically Ground-Penetrating Radar (GPR), magnetometry, and magnetic susceptibility, to determine the locations of geophysical anomalies that will assist in locating cabin features that have not yet been excavated at the site. These data then inform my conclusions on how the artifact assemblages at Buffalo Lake reflect differences in Métis conceptions of identity at the site.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2017-06:Spring 2017
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Arts
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R31834F2H
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Anthropology
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Supernant, Kisha (Anthropology)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Ives, John (Anthropology)
    • DeBernardi, Jean (Anthropology)
    • Supernant, Kisha (Anthropology)
    • Losey, Robert (Anthropology)