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Probing the Molecular Interactions of an Asphaltene Model Compound in Organic Solvents and Aqueous Solutions by Surface Forces Apparatus (SFA)

  • Author / Creator
    Wang, Jing
  • A fundamental understanding of the molecular interactions between asphaltene molecules in bulk and at oil-water interface is of great value in crude oil production. Yet, the chemical composition and molecular structures of asphaltenes are not fully understood. The objective of this study is to investigate the similarity and disparity between an asphaltene model compound C5Pe and real asphaltene molecules in the context of interaction force profiles, molecular aggregation/adsorption at clay-solvent interfaces. The intermolecular and surface forces of C5Pe in organic solvents and aqueous solutions were directly measured by a Surface Forces Apparatus (SFA). Repulsive forces were observed between asphaltene (and C5Pe) surfaces in pure toluene, and strong adhesion were measured in heptane. pH, salt concentration and Ca2+ showed strong impact on the interaction of two C5Pe surfaces. Our results provide an important insight into basic interaction mechanism of asphaltene-type molecules and their interfacial activities in O/W and W/O emulsions.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3CH8G
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Zhenghe Xu and Hongbo Zeng (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Zhenghe Xu (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Hongbo Zeng (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Tian Tang (Department of Mechanical Engineering)