Usage
  • 13 views
  • 17 downloads

Contributions to the Life History, Host Range, and Distribution of Necremnus tidius (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae)

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Abstract: Field and laboratory studies investigated the preimaginal developmental time, adult emergence phenology, mating behavior, and weevil hosts of Necremnus tidius (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), a solitary ectoparasitoid of coleopteran larvae. In addition, changes in parasitism levels of the cabbage seedpod weevil, Ceutorhynchus obstrictus (Marsham) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), by N. tidius were determined during 2003-2005 in commercial fields of canola (Brassica rapa L. and Brassica napus L.) in southern Alberta and Saskatchewan, Canada. Mean +/- SE developmental time from egg to adult was 18.3 +/- 0.23d for specimens reared at 21 degrees C and a photoperiod of 12:12 (L:D) h. Emergence began in late July in commercial fields near Lethbridge, AB, and 20 d later 81% of the population bad emerged. Emergence was completed by the end of August. Mating was preceded by a complex courtship behavior with the male standing on the dorsum of the mesosoma and gaster of the female, flapping its wings without flight, leaning forward and stroking its antennae over the antennae of the female, leaning back, and repeating the sequence several times. The native weevil Ceutorhynchus neglectus Blatchley was determined to be an alternate host of N. tidius in central and northern Alberta. N. tidius was found in few commercial canola fields in 2003, but in 2004, it occurred over hundreds of thousands of hectares of canola cropland, reaching peak parasitism levels of 45%. In 2005, N. tidius was still common, but parasitism declined relative to that observed in 2004.

  • Date created
    2007
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Published)
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3M463
  • License
    © 2007 Entomological Society of America. This article is the copyright property of the Entomological Society of America and may not be used for any commercial or other private purpose without specific written permission of the Entomological Society of America.
  • Language
  • Citation for previous publication
    • Dosdall, L. M., Gibson, G. A. P., Olfert, O., Keddie, B. A., & Ulmer, B. J. (2007). Contributions to the Life History, Host Range, and Distribution of Necremnus tidius (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 100(6), 861-868. DOI: 10.1603/0013-8746(2007)100[861:CTTLHH]2.0.CO;2.