Development of an ex vivo assay of hepatitis C specific T-cell responses using QuantiFERON®

  • Author / Creator
    Asthana, Sonal
  • Cellular immune responses to Hepatitis C (HCV) epitopes are crucial for successful host response to HCV infection. We investigated a platform to assess specific and global immune responses in HCV infection. We identified 57 HCV peptides from literature (24 of CD4+, 33 of CD8+ specificity) and tested them in two peptide pools to assess specific response in non-transplanted and post-liver transplant (LT) patients. Robust interferon-gamma (IFN) response to CD4+ peptide and mitogen stimulation was seen in sustained virological clearance. IFN response to the CD4+ peptide pool could differentiate between SVR and NR with 82% accuracy. In patients with recurrent HCV post-LT, HCV-specific responses were attenuated, but global immune responses were preserved. Significantly lower specific (CD4+) and global immune responses (mitogen response) were observed in patients with advanced allograft disease (fibrosis score>2). Quantiferon-HCV may identify patients likely to respond to anti-HCV treatment, as well as post-LT patients with aggressive HCV recurrence.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Masters of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Surgery
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Kneteman, Norman (Surgery)
    • Humar, Atul (Medicine)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Mason, Andrew (Medicine)
    • Douglas, Donna (Surgery)