Perfluorinated Acids in Human Serum as Determinants of Maternal Hypothyroxinemia

  • Author / Creator
    Chan, Emily
  • Perfluorinated acids (PFAs) are widespread global and human blood organohalogen contaminants. These monomer decomposition products used in surface treatment products and in fluoropolymer manufacturing and fire fighting may disrupt maternal thyroid hormone homeostasis given that animal studies demonstrate an apparent hypothyroxinemic condition upon PFA exposure. Firstly, we developed a method for properly quantifying perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), a PFA suspected of overreporting in past literature. We then investigated whether perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), PFHxS and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) were determinants of maternal hypothyroxinemia in a pregnant women population from Edmonton using a case-control design. Free thyroxine (fT4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) were screened in 974 women collected during 15-20 weeks of pregnancy. Cases (n=96, hypothyroxinemic: normal TSH and fT4: lowest 10th percentile) and controls (n=175, fT4: 50th and 90th percentile) were matched based on age and physician. Conditional logistic regression indicated that these PFAs are not associated with maternal hypothyroxinemia.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • School of Public Health
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Martin, Jonathan W (Public Health Sciences/Laboratory Medicine and Pathology)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Bamforth, Fiona (Laboratory Medicine and Pathology)
    • Senthiselvan, A (School of Public Health)
    • Burstyn, Igor (Medicine)
    • Cherry, Nicola (Medicine)