Behavior of low-mass X-ray binaries and their formation in globular clusters

  • Author / Creator
    Bahramian, Arash
  • Low mass X-ray binaries (LMXBs) are systems of compact stellar remnants accreting from a low mass companion star. These systems show various levels of mass transfer on various timescales. Many aspects of accretion in these systems are still not fully understood, specifically the emission processes involved in various states of mass transfer. The population of LMXBs has been found to be orders of magnitude higher (per unit mass) in globular clusters (GCs) compared to the Galactic field. This overabundance has been explained as due to the formation of LMXBs by stellar encounters in GCs. In this thesis, we study GC LMXB populations, and the details of accretion in these systems. First, we focus on the population of LMXBs and the role of stellar encounters in their formation in GCs. We calculate model-independent stellar encounter rates for 124 Galactic GCs, and show that core-collapsed clusters tend to have lower numbers of LMXBs compared to other clusters with similar values of the stellar encounter rate. Then, we focus on studying accretion in LMXBs in various classes of systems (quiescent, transient, ultra-compact and symbiotic). We provide evidence for the presence of low-level accretion in the rise and decay of outbursts in transient LMXBs, and the absence of low-level accretion in many quiescent neutron star LMXBs. Finally we study two peculiar LMXBs, and show that one is an ultra-compact X-ray binary, and another one is a symbiotic X-ray binary.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Physics
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Heinke, Craig (Physics)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Ivanova, Nathalia (Physics)
    • Verbunt, Franciscus (Radboud University, the Netherlands)
    • Sivakoff, Gregory (Physics)
    • Pogosyan, Dmitri (Physics)