Assessment of Dietary Behaviours and Its Relationship with Healthcare Utilization In Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

  • Author / Creator
    Saba, Sabrina
  • Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common non-communicable diseases around the globe, with serious debilitating and life-threatening consequences. It is not just a mere disease, but a complex syndrome made up of several diseases with similar symptoms, signs, and complications when it is not adequately controlled. We aimed to investigate the relative validity of the dietary component of the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA) measure against 3-day food records in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus and the relationship between dietary self-care behaviours and health care utilization in adults with type 2 diabetes after a decade of follow-up. Our results suggest that the self-reported dietary component of SDSCA measure was not strongly associated with 3-day food records. We also demonstrated that healthier diet patterns are associated with a protective effect on hospitalization in a population of people living with diabetes in our longitudinal study design, albeit primarily amongst females in the study cohort. Efforts to promote healthy diet should emphasize the clinical benefits. As the prevalence of diabetes continues to rise worldwide, promotion of better eating habit and self-care behaviors for managing type 2 diabetes is increasingly important in order to reduce the burden on the health care system.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Fall 2021
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.