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Catalytic and kinetic study of methanol dehydration to dimethyl ether

  • Author / Creator
    Hosseininejad, Seyed Shaham Aldin
  • Dimethyl ether (DME), as a solution to environmental pollution and diminishing energy supplies, can be synthesized more efficiently, compared to conventional methods, using a catalytic distillation column for methanol dehydration to DME over an active and selective catalyst. In current work, using an autoclave batch reactor, a variety of commercial catalysts are investigated to find a proper catalyst for this reaction at 110-135 °C and 900 kPa. Among the γ-Alumina, Zeolites (HY, HZSM-5 and HM) and ion exchange resins (Amberlyst 15, Amberlyst 35, Amberlyst 36 and Amberlyst 70), Amberlyst 35 and 36 demonstrate good activity for the studied reaction at the desired temperature and pressure. Then, the kinetics of the reaction over Amberlyst 35 is determined. The experimental data are described well by Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetic expression, for which the surface reaction is the rate determining step. The calculated apparent activation energy for this study is 98 kJ/mol.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2010-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3VH3X
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Hayes, Robert E. (Chemical and Material Engineering)
    • Afacan, Artin (Chemical and Material Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Olfert, Jason (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Semagina, Natalia (Chemical and Material Engineering)