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Why hunt upland game birds? Pheasant, grey partridge and sharp-tailed grouse hunter motivations, satisfaction and recreation specialization

  • Author / Creator
    Smith, Eric G.W.
  • Upland game bird hunting is a popular outdoor recreation pursuit in Alberta, Canada yet little is known about the people who participate in the activity. The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the characteristics, satisfaction, and motivations of upland game bird hunters. Upland game bird hunters were examined through motivation orientations, the multi-satisfaction approach and the recreation specialization framework using data obtained from a sample of 452 individuals who hunted pheasant (Phasianus colchicus), grey partridge (Perdix perdix) or sharp- tailed grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus) in Alberta during at least one season from 2015 to 2019. These approaches and differences between them framed two studies:
    The first study (Chapter 2) applied the multiple satisfaction approach in a new context by exploring the characteristics of released pheasant and wild upland game bird hunters. Motivation clusters were identified that included enthusiast, nature-sport and least engaged hunters. Results suggest that the motivations and satisfaction of hunters who pursued pen-raised and released pheasants did not differ from those who hunted wild birds. Hunting regulation strategies that increased the number of days available to hunt and promoted game species diversity provided the greatest levels of satisfaction. While harvest was a motivation of most hunters, non-harvest related motivations, including the opportunity to exercise, were most important. I propose that lifestyle experiences, rather than harvest alone form the fabric of hunter motivations.
    The second study (Chapter 3) applied the recreation specialization framework to characterize the different levels of involvement that prairie upland game bird hunters had to the activity. Three levels of upland game bird hunting involvement were identified: avid, intermediate and casual hunters. Low scores on the measures of centrality may suggest the secondary importance of upland game bird hunting to big game or waterfowl hunting. The
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    findings demonstrate the multidimensionality of recreation specialization, that avid hunters demonstrated a greater commitment to the activity through association with a leisure social world, that avid hunters demonstrated greater perceived skill and knowledge, and that hunters with higher levels of specialization scored higher on harvest related dimensions. The overall findings, theoretical and practical implications, and limitations of these studies and future research suggestions are summarized in Chapter 4.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Fall 2020
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/r3-b1gk-v384
  • License
    Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.