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Treatment of Adolescent Alcohol Misuse and Clinician Acceptance of Technology-facilitated Care in the Emergency Department

  • Author / Creator
    Jun, Shelly U
  • Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is the recommended approach for clinicians to use with adolescent patients with suspected alcohol-related problems. Although the emergency department (ED) is an opportune setting for early identification of alcohol misuse, SBIRT is underused. Use of technology to facilitate the delivery of SBIRT is regarded as a promising strategy to standardize, expedite, and support delivery of care. However, little is known about its implementation in real-world clinical practice. The aim of this research was to explore the acceptance of technology-facilitated care in the ED, particularly, for the treatment of adolescent patients with problematic alcohol use. This thesis includes a scoping review (Study 1) and survey (Study 2). Study 1 was guided by the Arksey and O’Malley scoping review framework and examined emergency clinicians’ acceptance of cognitive support technology used at the point-of-care (POC) in the ED. This review demonstrated that while health care providers are receptive to technology-facilitated care in the ED, gaps remain between provider intentions and practice. Study 2 was a cross-sectional survey of pediatric emergency physicians from across Canada. A 35-item questionnaire was developed to examine physicians’ perceptions of adolescent alcohol drinking and treatment for alcohol misuse, current SBIRT practices, and acceptance of technology-based SBIRT. Survey findings revealed that physicians recognize the need and responsibility to address adolescent alcohol misuse. However, confidence in knowledge and abilities for SBIRT execution was low. While physicians were receptive to using technology to deliver SBIRT, they were unsure about its impact on patient care. Taken together, findings from both studies suggest that to promote integrated technology-facilitated patient care, strategies to support and orient clinicians when using technology are needed.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2017-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3VT1H395
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Medical Sciences-Paediatrics
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Newton, Mandi (Pediatrics)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Rasmussen, Carmen (Pediatrics)
    • Plint, Amy (Emergency Medicine, Pediatrics)
    • Curtis, Sarah (Pediatrics)
    • Persad, Sujata (Pediatrics) - Chair