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The Use of Microfluidics for Multiplexed Protein Analysis

  • Author / Creator
    Hua, Yujuan
  • The research presented in this work explores the application of microfluidics to the field of proteomics through the design of a multi-channel microfluidic platform and the investigation of individual components of the system. The design of this microfluidic device allows the integration of several protein sample preparation steps for automated electrospray ionization mass spectrometric (ESI-MS) analysis, including protein separation, fractionation and collection, preconcentration and cleanup, and protein digestion. In order for the multi-channel system to function properly, I first evaluated each individual component of the device. Several areas were explored: (i) optimization of polymer monolith for solid-phase extraction (SPE) preconcentration; (ii) investigation of cationic coatings for microchannel surface modification to facilitate positive electrospray of peptides and proteins for chip-MS coupling; (iii) combination of the hydrophobic monolith and the PolyE-323 coating in a single channel device for on-chip SPE and on-bed tryptic digestion with on-line coupling to ESI-MS. Multiplexed microfluidic devices for protein analysis, which integrate a series of microfluidic features, were then designed, built and tested. The multiplexed microfluidic architecture employed a separation channel, a fractionator, an array of microchambers to accommodate monolithic polymer for SPE preconcentration, and an elution channel for the detection of eluted sample using fluorescence detector or mass spectrometer. The performance of the multiplexed devices for integration of multiple analytical steps was explored with sequential fractionation, collection, and elution of fluorescent sample, evaluating the ability to trap and release individual fractions without cross-contamination. Thorough analysis of each of the individual components on the multiplexed microfluidic platform provides valuable insights into the design of such systems, which brings us closer to our final goal of a proteomic processing microchip.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2010-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3XM0F
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Doctoral
  • Department
    • Department of Chemistry
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • D. Jed Harrison (Chemistry)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Liang Li (Chemistry)
    • David Sinton (Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria)
    • Jonathan G. C. Veinot (Chemistry)
    • Charles A. Lucy (Chemistry)
    • Christine M Szymanski (Biological Sciences)