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Touch and Balance During Walking

  • Author / Creator
    Forero, Juan
  • In this thesis the participation of tactile feedback from the hands in the control of balance was investigated. In Chapter 2, I characterized arm and leg reactions to unexpected perturbations delivered through the arms during walking. Perturbations applied at the hands resulted in early latency responses in arm muscles that were accompanied by activation of muscles in the leg when subjects were instructed to oppose the perturbations. Although no responses were observed in the arms when subjects were instructed to comply to the perturbations, most subjects presented responses in muscles of the leg. Activation of muscles in the legs were present during the comply condition even though the perturbations did not result in a balance disturbance. In Chapter 3, I investigated the effect of light touch sensory cues on the earliest postural reactions to balance disturbances during walking. The results of this study revealed that corrective responses in leg muscles to perturbations during walking are modulated by light touch. In particular, it was found that the effect of light touch on the corrective responses was more apparent when walking with the eyes closed compared to walking with the eyes open. Finally, in Chapters 4 and 5, I studied the effect of light touch on the gating of neural pathways transporting sensory information associated with the touch surface. The results of the study presented in Chapter 4 showed that segmental cutaneous afferent pathways are facilitated in the presence of touch if they transport sensory information from functionally relevant sensory cues (i.e. skin in contact with the surface). The results of the study presented in Chapter 5 showed that when tactile feedback associated with the touch surface is available interlimb sensorimotor pathways transporting sensory information from the skin in contact with the touch surface are facilitated. Altogether the results from this thesis revealed that sensory input from the hand can encode information describing the interaction between the body and the environment, hence plays a strong role in the control of balance.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3KK94P7D
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Doctoral
  • Department
    • Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine
  • Specialization
    • Rehabilitation Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Misiaszek, John (Occupational Therapy)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • McIlroy, Bill (Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo)
    • Jones, Kelvin (Physical Education & Recreation)
    • Prochazka, Arthur (Centre for Neuroscience)
    • Collins, Dave (Physical Education & Recreation)