The Association Between Neighbourhood Stressors and Asthma Prevalence of School Children in Winnipeg

  • Author / Creator
    Pittman, Tyler
  • Neighbourhood stressors have an incubating effect for a variety of health-related disorders involving children. It is of interest is to determine if asthma prevalence is greater amongst school children at age 7-8 resident of chronic stress neighbourhoods in Winnipeg, after adjusting for family history of asthma and socioeconomic status. The urban component of children (1472 entire; 698 birth home) extracted from the Study of Asthma, Genes and the Environment (SAGE) Survey administered in 2002-2003 to a birth cohort from 1995 in Manitoba. Dichotomous parent report of child asthma from the SAGE Survey nested within birth cohort was geocoded by postal code, which allowed designation of neighbourhood in hierarchical linear modelling. Children living in census tracts assigned low SES scores by compositional stressors were found to have a decreased odds of parent report of asthma, while those inhabiting profiles with high contextual crime rates were at increased risk.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Medical Sciences - Pediatrics
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Kozyrskyj, Anita (Pediatrics)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Nykiforuk, Candace (Centre for Health Promotion Studies)
    • Mandhane, Piush (Pediatrics)
    • Senthilselvan, Sentil (Public Health Sciences)