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Acid Catalyzed Aromatic Alkylation in the Presence of Nitrogen Bases

  • Author / Creator
    Xia,Yuhan
  • Coal pyrolysis liquids are rich in olefinic, phenolic and aromatic compounds, but traditional hydroprocessing destroys their inherent synthetic values. Acid catalyzed processes are not considered, because coal pyrolysis liquids also contain nitrogen bases. We aim to find appropriate catalysts that can conduct acid catalysis in the presence of nitrogen bases. Catalytic aromatic alkylation using phenol and 1-hexene without and with pyridine was selected as model reaction at 315°C. Different alumina and silicaalumina (1-40 wt% silica) catalysts were characterized. Siral30, the catalyst with the highest medium strength acidity, performed best when the feed contained a nitrogen base. Siral40, the catalyst with the highest strong Brønsted acidity, performed best in the absence of nitrogen bases. Hydration affected the catalysis and had to be controlled. Autocatalysis of phenol alkylation with alkenes can also proceed and was responsible for a minor contribution to the overall conversion. The reaction products were mainly ortho-C-alkylphenols.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-09
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R33P5K
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • De Klerk, Arno(Chemical and Material Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • De Klerk, Arno(Chemical and Material Engineering)
    • Semagina,Natalia (Chemical and Material Engineering)
    • Bergens, Steven H.(Chemistry)