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Influence of Bubble Size on an Effervescent Atomization

  • Author / Creator
    Gomez, Johana
  • An experimental investigation was performed to study the influence of the bubble size on an effervescent atomization. Experiments were conducted in horizontal facility with a 25.4mm diameter feeding pipe using water and air as the working fluids that were sprayed through an effervescent nozzle. Water flow rates from 113 to 189 kg/min and air to liquid mass ratios from 1% to 4% were selected. High speed photographs, of the bubbles in the feeding conduit and of the resulting droplets on the spray, were taken to use the particle projected areas to estimate their sizes. A monotonic positive correlation was found between the bubble size and the droplet size, in a fairly narrow range of feed flow void fractions. A bubble size sensitivity parameter was defined. Knowledge of the droplet behaviour provides data to enhance the design and operating conditions of the atomization process and a means to control droplet size.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2010-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3212K
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Mechanical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Dr. Olfert, Jason (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Dr. Fleck, Brian (Mechanical Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dr. Sander, Sean (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Dr. Olfert, Jason (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Dr. Fleck, Brian (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Dr. Nobes, David (Mechanical Engineering)