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Scaling of effervescent atomization and industrial two-phase flow

  • Author / Creator
    Rahman, Mohammad
  • The objective of this thesis was to develop a novel understanding of the mechanics of two phase gas-liquid flows and sprays injected through industrial effervescent nozzles. This was done using detailed experimental investigations and scaling for two-phase flows and sprays. This study helps to quantify near-field liquid and gas phase statistics that are challenging and impossible to measure in the reactors due to inaccessibility restrictions. The development of nozzles is generally performed on air-water systems. My plan was to begin with the study of small-scale sprays (air and water) to compare to full scale industrial conditions at pilot operation (air-water) or at commercial operation (steam-bitumen), to determine size scaling relationships. The relationship between the lab scale air-water experiments and real industrial scale steam-bitumen has never been fully examined. Knowledge from this thesis will make the development of future nozzles with much less dependent on trial and error. This thesis was an attempt to establish fundamental scaling relationships for the prediction of two-phase spray behavior that can be applied directly to full scale industrial size nozzles that would be of very significant value to industries and to the scientific community in general. Understanding the performance of two phase nozzles through established scaling laws will aid in optimizing the two phase nozzle flow conditions and will serve as a major tool in nozzle design and development for future generation nozzles for many industrial applications.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2011-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3W34G
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Doctoral
  • Department
    • Department of Mechanical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Ted Heidrick (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Brian Fleck (Mechanical Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dr. André G. McDonald (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Dr. Ergun Kuru (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Dr. Darko Matovic (Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Queen’s University)