Culture, Ideal Affect, and Ideal Affect-Actual Affect Discrepancies During Leisure and Non-Leisure Episodes

  • Author / Creator
    Mannell, Bradley C
  • Affect Valuation Theory (AVT), a relatively new cross-cultural psychological framework, underpins this study. AVT’s key concepts include: ideal affect (i.e., how one prefers to feel); actual affect (i.e., how one actually feels); ideal-actual affect discrepancies (i.e., difference between ideal and actual affect); and, specific to this study, ideal-leisure affect discrepancies (i.e., difference between ideal and actual affect during leisure). Two key aspects of AVT were examined. Does people’s ideal affect vary across cultures (i.e., European-Canadian vs. Chinese) and can mood modifying behaviours (i.e., leisure) reduce the ideal-actual affect discrepancy. Specifically, three major research questions were addressed: (a) Does participation in a leisure episode (e.g., basketball) following a non-leisure episode (e.g., school) decrease the ideal-actual affect discrepancy for university students? (b) Does the leisure activity (i.e., active vs. passive) and social context of the leisure activity (i.e., alone vs. others) influence the ideal-leisure affect discrepancy? (c) Does culture influence these relationships?

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Arts
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Physical Education and Recreation
  • Specialization
    • Recreation and Leisure Studies
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Walker, Gordon (Physical Education and Recreation)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Walker, Gordon (Physical Education and Recreation)
    • Hinch, Tom (Physical Education and Recreation)
    • Liu, Huimei (Physical Education and Recreation)
    • Harshaw, Howie (Physical Education and Recreation)
    • Halpenny, Elizabeth (Physical Education and Recreation)