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Association Between Family Medicine Residents’ Mindsets and In-Training Exam Scores

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Introduction: In medical practice, a mastery mindset is important for engaging in lifelong learning. The
    objective of this study was to examine the association between family medicine residents’ scores on
    mindset measures and their performance on in-training examinations (ITE).
    Methods: This was a secondary data analysis of a cohort of family medicine residents. Following ethics
    approval, residents’ ITE scores from each of the 2 years of residency were linked with residents’ responses
    to a mindsets survey that they had taken at the midpoint of residency training. Multiple regression analysis
    was used to investigate the relationship between residents’ mindset scores and their ITE scores. Of 85
    residents, 46 (54%) had complete data for the three data collection points.
    Results: Residents’ ITE scores in year 1 were most predictive of their ITE scores in year 2 (β=0.72; P<.001).
    Mastery mindset scores were negatively associated with residents’ performance on the ITE in year 2
    (β=-0.29; P=.004).
    Conclusion: While the observed negative relationship between residents’ mastery mindset scores and
    their ITE performance may be disconcerting, it is not surprising. In clinical settings, residents are
    individually coached by preceptors and provided with specibc, actionable feedback to support their
    learning. With respect to formative assessments, residents likely require explicit training on how to use
    their assessment results (ITE scores) to support their self-directed learning. This bnding has practical
    implications for residency programs in using ITEs as formative assessments.

  • Date created
    2020-11-02
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Published)
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/r3-g7a9-ke97
  • License
    Copyright Society of Teachers of Family Medicine. Used by permission.
  • Language
  • Citation for previous publication
    • Sloychuk, J., Szafran, O., Duerksen, K., Babenko, O. (2020). Association between family medicine residents' mindsets and in-training exam scores. Primer, 4, 33. https://dx.doi.org/10.22454/PRiMER.2020.796230
  • Source
    Sloychuk J, Szafran O, Duerksen K, Babenko O. Association Between Family Medicine Residents’ Mindsets and In-Training Exam Scores. PRiMER. 2020;4:33. https://doi.org/10.22454/PRiMER.2020.796230. Copyright Society of Teachers of Family Medicine. Used by permission.