Quantum gas apparatus for Bose-Einstein condensation of 87Rb

  • Author / Creator
    Hrushevskyi, Taras
  • In a Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC), due to extremely low temperatures, wave functions of all particles in the system overlap and form a single macroscopic wavefunction. This brings quantum mechanical effects to the macroscopic scale and allows us to better understand known quantum mechanical laws and effects, as well as develop new ones. In addition to being of fundamental scientific interest, BEC can serve in practical applications, such as quantum metrology, atomic interferometry, and quantum information and communication. Here we describe our approach for producing BECs in 87Rb. To create atomic flux towards our science chamber, a 2-dimensional magneto-optical trap (2D-MOT) with push beam is used. The initial atomic cloud is formed in 15s by 3D-MOT and consists of 1e9 atoms at 500uK. After the MOT, atoms are cooled with optical molasses to 50uK and transferred to a quadrupole magnetic trap, where radio-frequency (RF) induced evaporation is performed, which lowers temperature to 10uK. After RF evaporation, the atomic cloud is transferred to a crossed beams optical dipole trap (ODT). During evaporation in the ODT, the temperature is reduced below the critical temperature Tc=286nK, where condensation starts, and eventually reaches 40nK. As a result, a quasi-pure BEC with 1e5 87Rb atoms is formed. The complete sequence from the MOT loading to the BEC formation takes about 30s. Observations of the inversion of the aspect ratio of the cloud during free expansion and a bimodal velocity distribution prove quantum degeneracy. Presented in this thesis are the necessary background for understanding the experimental steps, a description of the schemes and technical details of our setup, and a characterizations of all the experimental steps.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Physics
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • LeBlanc, Lindsay (Department of Physics)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Hegmann, Frank (Department of Physics)
    • Maciejko, Joseph (Department of Physics)
    • Sydora, Richard (Department of Physics)