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Design, Synthesis, Characterization of a new pH-Responsive Copolymer and its Application in Oil Sands Tailings Treatment

  • Author / Creator
    Guo, Jian
  • This research aims at treating mature fine tailings (MFT) with a novel pH-responsive copolymer poly (N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate-co-acrylamide-co-acrylic acid) p(DMAEMA-co-AM-co-AA). Compared with conventional polyacrylamide (PAM), the conformation and property of this novel copolymer can be switched by pH variation, enhancing the compaction of settled/flocculated tailings furthermore. The copolymer was synthesized with 16, 20 and 24 hours respectively. The characterization, by mass spectrometry, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), turbidity and viscosity measurements, of this novel copolymer were conducted. Mechanism of conformational change by pH-switching was proposed. The flocculation of this copolymer was investigated to determine the optimal dosage. Moreover, the compaction of settled/flocculated tailings was achieved by changing the pH due to the change of conformation. Initial settling rate, supernatant turbidity, solid content, yield stress and water drainage of the sediment were examined to study the optimal condition of pH-responsive flocculant for treating MFT. QCM-D was used to study the adsorption of this copolymer on the silica surface and the copolymer’s conformational change at varied pHs.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2015-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3CH4Z
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Liu, Qingxia (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Xu, Zhenghe (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dubljevic, Stevan (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Liu, Qingxia (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Soares, Joao (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Xu, Zhenghe (Chemical and Materials Engineering)