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Prospective structured support and nanostructured active phase for oil upgrading

  • Author / Creator
    Chhabra, Arvind
  • Selective ring opening of naphthenic compounds is a preferred reaction to increase cetane number of fuels. Indan ring opening was studied using both structured and powdered catalysts. A structured support of Sintered Metal Fibers (SMF) filter materials (FeCrAl alloy) was surface-oxidized to form α-alumina whiskers. Practical conversions were achieved with Ir nanoparticles preformed in the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone stabilizer. The SMF unique structure was found to eliminate mass and heat transfer limitations. Due to the low surface area of SMF, Ir nanoparticle agglomeration was observed. Temperature effects on the product yield and conversion were evaluated. The catalyst thermal pretreatment was shown to remove 81% of the Ir organic stabilizer. The study may pave the way to the development of structured catalysts with enhanced mass and heat transfer limitations for fast catalytic reactions requiring low loading of catalytically active phase.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-09
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R36H65
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Semagina, Natalia (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Nychka, John A. (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Prasad, Vinay (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Nazemifard, Neda (Chemical and Materials Engineering)