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Development of photonic crystal display devices

  • Author / Creator
    Krabbe, Joshua Dirk
  • This thesis investigates technologies directed towards developing photonic crystal display devices. A switching technology based on dye electrophoretic motion within a 1D porous photonic crystal was developed. Dissociated absorbing dye species were moved through the assembled device and reflectance was controllably altered by up to 0.4. Refinement of fabrication techniques yielded a slow switching device, whose time-resolved reflectance data was analyzed. A wavelength dependence of the device switching speed was observed. This phenomenon was described by modelling where bandgap effects match observation. These devices may be improved by employing a 3D photonic crystal. We developed a nanoimprint lithography technique for seeding films deposited by GLAD for the fabrication of 3D square spiral photonic crystals. Parameters for patterning a precisely defined mould pattern using electron beam lithography were established. A large area diamond:1 square spiral photonic crystal was fabricated on the nanoimprinted seeds, and it exhibited a visible wavelength bandgap.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2011-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R32K70
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Brett, Michael (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Ivey, Douglas (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • DeCorby, Ray (Electrical and Computer Engineering)