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Parenting and Peer Bullying: Parents’ and Adolescents’ Beliefs, Communication, Behavior and Strategies

  • Author / Creator
    Muth, Tracy J
  • Bullying by peers is a serious problem facing Canadian adolescents today. A key social support for adolescents is the support of their parents. While there is considerable information from the parenting literature to indicate that healthy parent-child communication and authoritative-type parenting practices are necessary components for healthy socialization, few studies have examined the unique and relative contributions of specific parenting dimensions (support, behavior control, psychological control) on bullying behavior in adolescents. In this study of 225 boys and girls between the ages of 11 to 13 and one of their parents, the association among parent support, behavior control, psychological control, adolescent behaviour, attitudes, communication skills, and adolescents’ involvement in bullying situations was investigated. Model testing indicated a positive relationship between parent support, beliefs that aggression should not be used to solve bullying situations, high levels of communication, and low levels of bullying and victimization, both in self-reports, and in effectiveness of problem-solving in hypothetical bullying situations. Results indicate that warm, supportive parenting influences the way adolescents consult with their parents about how to manage conflict, deal with bullying issues, and identify solutions to interpersonal problems.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3R347
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Doctoral
  • Department
    • Department of Educational Psychology
  • Specialization
    • Psychological Studies in Education
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Rinaldi, Christina (Educational Psychology)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Bukowski, William (Concordia University)
    • Cui, Ying (Educational Psychology)
    • Boechler, Patricia (Educational Psychology)
    • Klassen, Robert ((Educational Psychology)
    • Williamson, Deanna (Human Ecology)