Understanding the Relationship Between Type 2 Diabetes and Bladder Cancer

  • Author / Creator
    Colmers, Isabelle N.
  • Individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have an increased risk of bladder cancer, relative to non-diabetic individuals. We aimed to investigate factors that may influence this association. Some reports suggest an association between the glucose-lowering drug pioglitazone and bladder cancer. Our first objective was to quantify the potential risk of bladder cancer with pioglitazone use, using meta-analytic techniques. Other studies observed a time-varying risk of cancer in T2DM. Our second objective was to assess temporal trends in the risk of bladder cancer in newly diagnosed T2DM vs. non-diabetic individuals. In our systematic review, we saw that pioglitazone use was associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer, but this was not seen with other drugs in the same class. In our administrative cohort study, bladder cancer risk was significantly elevated only in the first year following T2DM diagnosis, and only in the lowest category of physician visits before T2DM diagnosis.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Fall 2012
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.