The Role of the Na+/H+ Exchanger isoform 1 in cardiac pathology

  • Author / Creator
    Mraiche, Fatima
  • The mammalian Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 1 (NHE1) is a ubiquitously expressed membrane protein that regulates intracellular pH. In the myocardium, NHE1 has been implicated in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) and cardiac hypertrophy (CH). Hormonal, autocrine and paracrine stimuli, acidosis, cardiotoxic metabolites released during I/R and CH increases NHE1 protein expression and activity. The involvement of NHE1 in CH and I/R has been further supported with the use of NHE1 inhibitors, which have been beneficial in the prevention/regression of several models of CH and I/R injury. Despite the fact that elevation of NHE1 expression and activity have been demonstrated in several models of heart disease, it was unclear whether elevation of NHE1 protein expression was sufficient to induce a specific cardiac pathology, or whether activation of the protein was required. To understand the direct role of NHE1 in CH and I/R, an in vivo and in vitro gain-of-function model, expressing varying levels and activities of NHE1 were examined. In vivo, our N-line mice expressed wild type NHE1 and our K-line mice expressed constitutively active NHE1. In vitro, neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes were infected with the IRM adenovirus containing wild type NHE1 or the K-IRM adenovirus containing active NHE1. We demonstrated that expression of constitutively active NHE1 promotes CH to a much greater degree than expression of wild type NHE1 alone, both in vivo and in vitro. This NHE1-dependent hypertrophic response occurred independent of signaling pathways involved in CH including, mitogen activated protein kinases, p90 ribosomal S6 kinase, calcineurin and glycogen synthase kinase. The NHE1-dependent hypertrophic effect also occurred independent of gender. In addition, the expression of active NHE1 increased the susceptibility of intact mice to neurohormonal stimulation and progressed the hypertrophic response. When these hearts expressing active NHE1 were subjected to I/R using the ex vivo working heart perfusion model, fatty acid (FA) oxidation and glycolysis rates increased, thus generating greater ATP production rates. This was associated with cardioprotective effects in the myocardium, as well as a more energetically efficient myocardium. Expression of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response proteins, calreticulin and PDI were also shown to be increased relative to controls, and may contribute to the cardioprotection observed. We demonstrate that active NHE1 induces cardioprotection and alters cardiac metabolism in working hearts subjected to I/R. Overall, our results suggest that expression of active NHE1 has a double edged sword effect, on one side it induces CH while on the other side, it protects the heart against I/R injury.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Fall 2010
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Lopaschuk, Gary (Pediatrics)
    • Light, Peter (Pharmacology)
    • Lytton, Jonathan (Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Calgary)
    • Dyck, Jason (Pediatrics)