High Temperature H2S Adsorption using Copper-Titanate Nanoparticles

  • Author / Creator
    Yazdanbakhsh, Farzad
  • Direct desulfuization of syngas is an important measure to further increase the efficiency of IGCC systems. Solid-phase, metal oxide adsorbents which sequester the sulfur by converting H2S to a metal sulfide are the only desulfurization technology capable of withstanding the combustion temperatures present at the outlet of the gasifier. Copper oxide is of particular interest due to its favourable thermodynamics across a wide range of temperatures. Cu-ETS-2 is a copper exchanged form of the sodium titanate ETS-2 and functions analogously to CuO for the conversion of H2S into CuS at temperatures ranging from ambient to 950 °C. The results of this study show that Cu-ETS-2 is capable of removing H2S from H2S/He mixture to concentrations below a mass spectrometer’s detection limit at temperatures as high as 950°C. Temperature is, however, only one of the challenges facing a direct-desulfurization adsorbent; high concentrations of H2 and water vapour are present in the syngas stream which can influence the oxidation state of the metal and the efficiency of H2S removal. In an attempt to prevent reduction of CuO, Chromium was successfully used to stabilize the oxidation state of copper oxide and maintain constant adsorption capacity throughout the whole temperature range. While several studies have examined the effect hydrogen in the feed, there are few studies exploring the influence of water vapour on the efficiency of H2S removal and none that explore the effect of water vapour at elevated temperatures. This study can be considered the only study to investigate the influence of water vapour on the desulfurization of a dilute H2S stream at temperatures between 350 and 950 °C using copper oxide-based adsorbents. The findings demonstrate that the presence of water vapor promotes production of H2, resulting in faster reduction of CuO to Cu2O and elemental copper, leading to less adsorption capacity. In the final chapter, the ability of the adsorbent for regeneration and use as a multi-cycle adsorbent was investigated. The results indicate that the adsorbent is capable of regeneration for at least four times with no sign of reduction in capacity. The results also indicate that the exothermic nature of oxidation reaction results in temperatures up to ~1700°C causing the partial melting of the quartz glass tube. However the adsorbent can withstand such high temperatures and does not lose adsorption capacity after the first oxidation step. This phenomenon is due to having nanotitanate ETS-2 as the support in the adsorbent.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Kuznicki,Steven (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Hachichou, Zaher (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • AlWahedi, Yasser Fowad (Petroleum Institute, AbuDhabi, UAE)
    • Estell, Thomas (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Gupta, Rajender (Chemical and Materials Engineering)