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Speech breathing and prosody during statement and question productions in seven-year-old children

  • Author / Creator
    Papadopoulos, Georgina Paulette Maria
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of prosodic contrasts in differing contextual scenarios (e.g., questions, statements) on acoustic measures and speech breathing parameters in children. Twelve English-speaking 7-year-old children participated. Structured and unstructured speaking tasks were used to elicit productions of questions and statements. Speech breathing measures included: lung volume initiations, terminations, and excursions, and number of syllables per breath group. Acoustic measures included: f0 average, f0 slope, dB average, and syllable duration. Significant differences were observed for acoustic measures associated with questions and statements in both structured and unstructured tasks and only f0 slope was found significant different in both tasks. Also, one breathing measure in the unstructured task had significance difference for questions and statements. Results of the study demonstrated that 7-year old children appeared to use mainly laryngeal adjustments to mark prosodic contrasts in structured conditions eliciting question and statement productions.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2014-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3BH51
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology
  • Specialization
    • Speech-Language Pathology
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Boliek, Carol (Speech Pathology & Audiology)
    • Rieger, Jana (Speech Pathology & Audiology)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Tucker, Benjamin V. (Linguistics)
    • Campbell, Melanie (Speech Pathology & Audiology)