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Charged particle behavior in the growth and damping stages of ultralow frequency waves: Theory and Van Allen Probes observations

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Ultralow frequency (ULF) electromagnetic waves in Earth's magnetosphere can accelerate charged particles via a process called drift resonance. In the conventional drift resonance theory, a default assumption is that the wave growth rate is time independent, positive, and extremely small. However, this is not the case for ULF waves in the real magnetosphere. The ULF waves must have experienced an earlier growth stage when their energy was taken from external and/or internal sources, and as time proceeds the waves have to be damped with a negative growth rate. Therefore, a more generalized theory on particle behavior during different stages of ULF wave evolution is required. In this paper, we introduce a time-dependent imaginary wave frequency to accommodate the growth and damping of the waves in the drift resonance theory, so that the wave-particle interactions during the entire wave lifespan can be studied. We then predict from the generalized theory particle signatures during different stages of the wave evolution, which are consistent with observations from Van Allen Probes. The more generalized theory, therefore, provides new insights into ULF wave evolution and wave-particle interactions in the magnetosphere.

  • Date created
    2016
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Published)
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R35H7C798
  • License
    © 2016 American Geophysical Union. This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.
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  • Citation for previous publication
    • Zhou, Xuzhi, Wang, Zi-Han, Zong, Qui-Gang, Rankin, Robert, Kivelson, Margaret G., Chen, Xing-Ran, Blake, J. Bernard, Wygant, John R., & Kletzing, Craig A. (2016). Charged particle behavior in the growth and damping stages of ultralow frequency waves: Theory and Van Allen Probes observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121(4), 3254-3263. http://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022447
  • Link to related item
    http://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022447