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An Experimental Investigation of Complexity-Based Ordering

  • Author / Creator
    Teddiman, Laura G. H.
  • This dissertation examines the phenomenon of suffix ordering in English from a psycholinguistic perspective. Key to this work is an examination of Complexity-Based Ordering, a theory of affix ordering that combines both selectional restrictions and processing constraints. Complexity-Based Ordering provides a hierarchical rank for each suffix in English by combining suffix-specific combinatorial restrictions with general principles of processing complexity (e.g., ease of parsing, relative root and derived frequencies). Suffixes higher on the hierarchy are expected to be easier to parse out from the word and should be attached outside of suffixes of lower rank. The first paper examines lexical decision and naming latencies to base+suffix+suffix words (e.g., hope+ful+ly), finding roles for root, base, and word frequencies as significant predictors of response latencies. Effects of Rank, however, are absent. The second paper presents a lexical decision experiment with an additional eye-tracking component, revealing a time-course for lexical access, with the root+suffix1 (hope+ful in hopefully) frequency appearing as a significant predictor of fixation durations before whole word frequency. The final paper presents an eye-tracking study of words in sentence context with an additional Event-Related Potential (ERP) component. In this experiment, the Rank of the second suffix becomes a useful predictor. When the second suffix in a base+suffix+suffix word is of low Rank, higher processing costs are reflected in longer response times. In all three experiments, a role for a new frequency measure, the suffix pair frequency, is revealed. The effects of Rank, as determined by the Complexity-Based Ordering hierarchy, are absent during single-word recognition tasks (lexical decision, naming), but are prevalent during sentence reading, highlighting the role of sentential context and predictability during language processing.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3ST21
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Doctoral
  • Department
    • Department of Linguistics
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Libben, Gary (VP Research, Brock University)
    • Bolger, Patrick (Linguistics)
    • Baayen, Harald (Linguistics)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Jarvikivi, Juhani (Department of Modern Languages, NTNU)
    • Newman, John (Linguistics)
    • Westbury, Chris (Psychology)