Association of Model Compounds of Asphaltenes in Organic Solutions

  • Author / Creator
    Soleimani Salim, Amir Hassan
  • The self-association properties of two model compounds of asphaltene, 2,6-bis[2-(pyren-1-yl)ethyl]pyridine (PyPPy, C41H29N) and 2,6-bis[2-(phenanthren-9-yl)ethyl]pyridine (PhPPh, C37H29N), were studied in deuterated chloroform and deuterated methylene chloride. 1H NMR spectroscopy titration experiments showed that both compounds undergo changes in conformation in solution as a function of solvent, concentration, and water concentration. At low concentrations, below 0.1 mM in chloroform, these compounds gave 1H NMR chemical shifts consistent with intra-molecular interaction, likely due to a folding conformation. At concentrations above 10 mM the 1H NMR chemical shifts were consistent with inter-molecular interactions due to aggregation. Results of spin- lattice relaxation time (T1) measurement and diffusion-ordered spectroscopy (DOSY) experiments are consistent with existence of two conformations at low and high concentrations. The addition of water promotes aggregation of these model compounds even at low concentrations of 10-5 M, likely via hydrogen bonds between the pyridyl nitrogens and water.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Gray, Murray R (Chemical and Material Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Shaw, John (Chemical and Material Engineering)
    • Stryker, Jeff (Chemistry)
    • Zeng, Hongbo (Chemical and Material Engineering)