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A spectroscopic approach for inferring charcoal concentrations and fire history from lacustrine sediments

  • Author / Creator
    Jones, Emma Virginia
  • Current wildfire activity highlights the precarious ecological state of for- ests owing to the combined effects of climate change and management practices. Because the analysis of long-term fire frequency from sedimentary archives is critical to understanding fire dynamics, there is a continuous need to refine meth- odologies used to reconstruct fire frequency and intensity. Visible-near infrared (VNIR) spectroscopy offers a rapid and non-destructive method for remotely sensing charcoal concentrations from lacustrine sediment cores. In this study, a predictive model for quantifying charcoal concentrations from lake sediment absorbance was developed and subsequently applied to an 8000 year sediment record from Grand Teton National Park (Wyoming, USA). This record provides a detailed continuous fire history that captures regional fire trends obtained by optically counted charcoal from nearby lakes. The novel spectroscopic method for charcoal quantification reduces laboratory processing time tremendously and avoids various biases associated with conventional optical microscopic charcoal enumeration techniques.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3VQ30
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Wolfe, Alexander (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Douglas, Marianne (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
    • Wolfe, Alexander (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
    • MacKenzie, Derek (Renewable Resources)