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Mapping and characterization of mel-43(sb41), a gene required for early embryonic viability in C. elegans

  • Author / Creator
    Curtis Pahara, Donna
  • A genetic screen for dominant, temperature-sensitive, maternal-effect embryonic lethal mutations identified mel-43(sb41), a gene required for early embryonic viability (Mitenko et al., 1997). Linkage mapping placed mel-43 within a small region on chromosome IV. Genetic analyses suggested that mel-43(sb41) was a neomorphic mutation. While refining the genetic position of the mel-43 gene, data suggested that the genetic position of mel-43 was inconsistent with the published location. In light of this new location, previous conclusions regarding the genetic behaviour of mel-43(sb41) were re-examined. Deficiency analysis suggests that mel-43(sb41) is a haploinsufficient loss-of-function mutation. mel-43(sb41) embryos are significantly delayed in meiosis II independent of cyclin B1 degradation. Consequently, embryos fail to produce meiosis II polar bodies and do not establish proper polarity. Although the function of mel-43 remains unknown, the persistent meiotic spindle suggests that mel-43 acts upstream of the microtubule rearrangements necessary to promote the metaphase II to anaphase II transition.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2010-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3S636
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Biological Sciences
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Srayko, Martin (Biological Sciences)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Nicolas Touret (Biochemistry)
    • Frank Nargang (Biological Sciences)