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Three-Dimensional Numerical Investigation on Velocity Field and Mixing Characteristics at Channel Junctions

  • Author / Creator
    Chen, Xue
  • Channel confluence is an important component in river systems. The flow dynamics and mixing processes associated with such geometry are highly three-dimensional and complicated. In this study, a commercial software, ANSYS CFX, was employed to investigate the flow structures and mixing characteristics at channel confluences using steady-state three-dimensional numerical method. The results indicated that the flow converging could not produce rapid mixing within the confluence or immediately downstream because of locally confined secondary current. However, with the secondary current growing downstream, the mixing rate was accelerated. Transverse mixing coefficients were determined for channel junctions with different confluent angles and discharge ratios using the generalized method of moments. This research provided the insight view on the curvature-induced secondary circulation at channel confluence and proposed the corresponding mixing rate.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2014-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3959CG70
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Water Resources Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Zhu, David Z. (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Steffler, Peter M. (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Steffler, Peter M. (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Zhu, David Z. (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Lang, Carlos (Mechanical Engineering)