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Patterns and Pathways of Hydrogenation of Asphaltene Model Compounds

  • Author / Creator
    Mierau, Judah
  • Large polycyclic aromatic nitrogen containing asphaltene model compounds, with molecular weights from 535 to 702 g/mol, were catalytically hydrogenated and hydrodenitrogenated in the presence of a commercial NiMo/γAl2O3 catalyst in a stainless steel batch reactor at 370 °C and 17.9 MPa total pressure for 1 h. The patterns and pathways of hydrogenation of two families of model compounds were investigated: alkyl-bridged pyrenes linked to a pyridine centre ring and substituted cholestane – benzoquinoline compounds. Analysis of reaction products by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization – mass spectrometry, high performance liquid chromatography, and gas chromatography demonstrated that for the pyrene/pyridine family there was a strong preference for hydrogenation of the bridged pyrene groups compared to the centre pyridinic ring. For the cholestane family, no cracking or hydrodenitrogenation reactions occurred. Results imply that hydrotreatment of similar large nitrogen asphaltene compounds are dominated by reactions other than hydrodenitrogenation.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2011-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science in Chemical Engineering
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R31654
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Gray, Murray (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dechaine, Greg (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Stryker, Jeff (Chemistry)
    • Ivey, Doug (Chemical and Materials Engineering)