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Portable-XRF Analysis of Archaeological Obsidian from Rebun Island, Japan

  • Author / Creator
    Lynch, Sean C.
  • Ongoing excavations on Rebun Island have demonstrated the prehistoric use of obsidian persistently from the Middle Jomon (5400−4300 cal.YBP) to Okhotsk (1500−750 YBP) periods. Since obsidian does not occur naturally on Rebun Island, only the transportation of raw materials and/or finished tools over great distances accounts for their presence there. Previous research in northeast Asia has shown that movement of obsidian from various sources on Hokkaido played a vital role in the entire lithic industry since the Paleolithic. As cultures varied in Northern Japan from the Middle Jomon to the Okhotsk periods, the patterns of source exploitation are also believed to have changed. This expectation is tested by evaluating the sources of archaeological obsidian recovered from three archaeological sites on Rebun Island (Uedomari 3, Kafukai 1, and Hamanaka 2) through portable-XRF. This method provides new insights into the dynamics of resource procurement and distribution among Middle Jomon to Okhotsk hunter–gatherers on Rebun Island.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Arts
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R35D76
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Anthropology
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Andrzej Weber (Anthropology)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Pamela Willoughby (Anthropology)
    • Duane Froese (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
    • Andrzej Weber (Anthropolgoy)