Early moral conscience development: The contributions of fathers’ authoritative parenting style and father–child mutually responsive orientations including the moderating effects of child temperament

  • Author / Creator
    Day, Lita L.
  • The current study examined the extent that fathers’ authoritative parenting style (APS)
    and father–child mutually responsive orientation (MRO) explained children’s moral conscience.
    Two dimensions of child temperament, fearfulness and effortful control, were investigated for
    moderating effects of fathers’ APS and father–child MRO on children’s moral conscience.
    Participants included 59 father–child dyads (children’s mean age = 32.75 months; 30 male and
    29 female). Fathers completed questionnaires measuring parenting styles and their children’s
    temperament, and fathers and children were observed during a home-based play task to measure
    mutually responsive orientation between fathers and children. Children completed narrative story
    stems of moral dilemmas and were observed for elements of moral conscience development.
    Results revealed fathers’ APS and father–child MRO did not significantly explain variance in
    children’s moral conscience outcomes. There was a significant moderation effect of children’s
    fearfulness on the relationship between APS and moral conscience, but not between MRO and
    moral conscience. Follow-up analyses showed a positive relationship between fathers’ APS and
    moral conscience only for children with low levels of fearfulness. While there was a significant
    direct effect of children’s effortful control on moral conscience, there was no significant
    moderation effect of effortful control on the relationship between either APS or MRO and
    children’s moral conscience outcomes.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Spring 2021
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Education
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.