Mothers’ and fathers’ talk of internal states with toddler and preschool children: gender differences and predictors for parental ratings of children’s social skills

  • Author / Creator
    Roger, Katherine Mary
  • The current study extends previous literature examining maternal internal state language (ISL) to include paternal-child observations. Gender differences in parents’ ISL with young children was examined, as well as whether ISL was related to parents’ ratings of the children’s social skills. Fifty-seven (28 boys and 29 girls) toddler/preschool children (M age = 32.5 months, SD = 5.38 months) were observed separately with their mothers and fathers while they discussed pictures of children’s facial expressions of emotions. Parents completed a questionnaire concerning their child’s social development (i.e., BASC-2). Interestingly, parents used more emotion language and ISL questions with sons compared to daughters, and sons used more ISL with mothers compared to fathers. No differences were found between mothers’ and fathers’ ISL. Mothers’ social skills ratings was predicted by mothers’ ISL comments, whereas fathers’ ratings were predicted by children’s age and fathers’ ISL clarifications. Implications and limitations of the study are discussed.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Education
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Educational Psychology
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Rinaldi, Christina (Educational Psychology)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Pei, Jacqueline (Educational Psychology)
    • Skrypnek, Berna (Human Ecology)