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The mechanism of inhibition of herpes simplex virus type 1 DNA replication by roscovitine

  • Author / Creator
    Newman, Emma
  • Transcription and DNA replication of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) occur in nuclear domains adjacent to structures named ND10. The HSV-1 single-stranded DNA binding protein ICP8 localizes to these nuclear domains to direct the assembly of the pre- and replication compartments. Inhibition of cyclin dependent kinases with roscovitine inhibits HSV-1 DNA replication, even in the presence of all required HSV-1 proteins, at an unidentified step. Here I show that roscovitine inhibits the localization of pre-expressed ICP8 to new replication sites. Therefore, the inhibition of HSV-1 DNA replication occurs at a step prior to initiation. I next evaluated the mechanisms of inhibition of proper ICP8 localization. ICP8 was extracted at lower salt concentrations from roscovitine-treated than untreated cells, but the affinity of ICP8 for ssDNA in vitro was not affected. I propose that roscovitine inhibits HSV-1 DNA replication by inhibiting DNA accessibility. I also discuss alternative mechanisms.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2011-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3ZX4C
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Biochemistry
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Schang, Luis (Biochemistry and Medical Microbiology and Immunology)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Wang, Zhixiang (Cell Biology)
    • Goping, Ing Swie (Biochemistry)
    • Schultz, Mike (Biochemistry)