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Separation and analysis of liquid crystalline material from heavy petroleum fractions

  • Author / Creator
    Masik, Brady Kenneth
  • Liquid crystalline domains were observed in fractions of heavy petroleum. Through a combination of polarized light microscopy and Photoacoustic Infrared Spectroscopy, liquid crystals were shown to form on the exterior surface of their parent materials. Analysis of materials using Differential Scanning Calorimetry and observations using cross polarized light microscopy both showed that the transition from liquid crystal to isotropic liquid upon heating is irreversible. An enriched sample of liquid crystalline material was extracted from Athabasca bitumen C5 asphaltenes by solvent extraction and analyzed using Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry. The enriched sample was shown to have a lower and narrower molecular mass range and higher relative abundances of sulfur, oxygen and nitrogen than the parent asphaltenes. Observations, analysis methods and implications for petroleum separation are discussed in detail.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2011-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3M43Z
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Shaw, John M. (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Mitra, Sushanta K. (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Gray, Murray R. (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • McCaffrey, William C. (Chemical and Materials Engineering)