Economic Benefits of Biodiversity to Crop Producers in Canada: A Literature Review

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  • The objective of this report is to provide a literature review on the economic benefits of
    biodiversity to Canadian producers of cereals, oilseeds and special crops. The review focuses on
    the economic benefits of biodiversity to crop farmers that are undertaking farm practices that
    contribute to biodiversity. The farm practices include the maintenance of permanent and temporary
    wetlands, generation and renewal of soil and natural vegetation, maintenance of wildlife habitat
    and moderation of extremes of temperature and force of winds. Publicly available research is
    included in this report and it includes peer-reviewed academic journal articles and reports from
    various governmental and non-governmental sources. Studies on the economic benefits of
    biodiversity to crop farmers (or society in general) are mainly from Canada and the United States.
    In summary, the results generally show that biodiversity provides economic benefits to crop
    production in terms of providing pollination services, biocontrol of pests, soil formation, nitrogen
    fixation, improvements or maintenance of water quality, sequestration of carbon and the protection
    of crops from the force of winds (shelterbelts). Economic values of the benefits of biodiversity, to
    society and farmers, are also included in the report.

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    Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International