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Effects of long-term nitrogen and sulfur deposition on soil microbial communities and soil properties in the Athabasca oil sands region in northern Alberta, Canada

  • Author / Creator
    Ibsen, Stephanie MC
  • Intensified oil sands activities have resulted in elevated levels of nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) deposition in the mixedwood boreal forest in the Athabasca oil sands region (AOSR) of northern Alberta, Canada. The deposition of N and S can affect the surrounding ecosystem and it is important to monitor possible effects. To improve the understanding of the response of boreal forest ecosystems to increased N and S deposition in the AOSR, an experiment was established in 2006 with the following treatments: control, +N addition (30 kg N ha-1 yr-1 as NH4NO3), +S addition (30 kg S ha-1 yr-1 as Na2SO4), and +NS addition (30 kg N plus 30 kg S ha-1 yr-1). Nine years of simulated N and S deposition did not affect soil bacterial diversity, community composition, abundance, functional profiles, and co-occurrence patterns, suggesting that soil bacteria were resistant or resilient to increases in N and S addition in the studied boreal forest. In contrast, increased N and S addition increased the abundance of soil fungal communities, suggesting fungi were more sensitive than soil bacteria. Additionally, ten years of simulated N and S deposition did not change soil chemical properties including soil pH, cation and N concentrations and leaching of N below the main rooting zone. Therefore, there was no evidence of N saturation or soil acidification in the experimental forest ecosystem in the AOSR after ten years of N and S addition. Continued long term research of N and S deposition in the AOSR is needed to enhance the current level of understanding and to quantify the collective ecosystem impacts.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2016-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3F47H042
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Renewable Resources
  • Specialization
    • Land Reclamation and Remediation
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Chang, Scott (Renewable Resources)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Siddique, Tariq (Renewable Resources)
    • Ramirez, Guillermo Hernandez (Renewable Resources)