Multi-agent Based Simulation of Elderly Egress Process and Fall Accident in Senior Apartment Buildings

  • Author / Creator
    Du, Xiaojie
  • A means of egress from buildings is a critical aspect of building design and an important part of building and fire regulations. Poor egress evacuation performance poses a threat to both personal and property safety; thus, it is necessary to maintain an effective egress system for buildings. However, elderly evacuees are often overlooked, being regarded as part of the average population, thereby ignoring the limitations elderly people may have. A computational egress model is a useful tool to evaluate postulated “what-if” scenarios, aiming to predict building egress performance under these designated scenarios. This thesis first applies an MABS (Multi-Agent-Based Simulation) method (NetLogo) to simulate the evacuation scenarios where evacuees are all elderly people, then statistical analysis is utilized to interpret results and comparative analysis is conducted to offer some suggestions for egress design and crowd management.

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  • Degree
    Master of Science
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