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Deposition and sea level fluctuations during Miocene times, Grand Cayman, British West Indies

  • Author / Creator
    Der, Alexandra Jacqueline
  • The Lower to Middle Miocene Cayman Formation on Grand Cayman, which is part of the Bluff Group, is at least 130 m thick. The mostly dolomitized Cayman Formation is herein divided into a ‘limestone member’ and ‘dolostone member’ as limestone is found in the formation in the central part of Grand Cayman. Sediments of the Cayman Formation were deposited in water 10-30 m deep on an isolated open bank with no evidence of reef development. Facies development was controlled primarily by water depth and energy levels. The Cayman Formation is divided into eight facies that range from Leptoseris-Amphistegina facies to Amphistegina-Bivalve facies. Depositional environments range from deep open bank to very shallow open bank. The succession reflects two shallowing-upward sequences that are separated by a transgressive event that saw sea level rise by 20-25 m. Sea level changes were probably related to eustatic changes rather than local tectonic changes.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3BP64
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Jones, Brian (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Harris, Nick (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
    • Keddie, Andrew (Biological Sciences)