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Experimental and Numerical Study of Particle Heating Using DC Discharge

  • Author / Creator
    Ajuwon, Olawale
  • The main aim of this work is experimental and numerical study of heat and mass transfer in fixed beds by the Joule heating effect, which is a volume-based type of heating rather than surface-based. This is aimed at looking more into energy storage technologies where electrical energy is stored as chemical energy i.e. Energy to Chemicals (E2C) concept. Experiments were carried out for fixed bed heating with and without gas flowing through the bed and temperature measurements with time were taken at the center and outlet of the bed for solid and gas temperatures respectively. The experiments were carried out with 15 W, 22.5 W and 42 W powers and also with four mass flow rates ranging from 1.27 ×10−7 to 6.13 ×10−7 kg/s. The experimental results were then validated against numerical and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models. It was observed that since the bed was not insulated, heat was lost at the wall and also that the gas temperature increases at the outlet with mass flow rate. This was attributed to the fact that for lower mass flow rates, the gas tends to moves along the wall from the inlet to the outlet of the bed. Based on this knowledge of heat and mass transfer in fixed beds with electrical heating, a preliminary study of energy storage, in particular, steam reforming of methane, was then carried out.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2015-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3RN30K6W
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Nikrityuk, Petr (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Gupta, Rajender (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Nikrityuk, Petr (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Gupta, Rajender (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Chung, Hyun-Joong (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Hayes, Robert E (Chemical and Materials Engineering)